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The 220th Airlift Wing is the primary provider of the airlift and mobility requirement of the Philippine Air Force and the entire armed forces. It also champions military linkage to the civilians and enhances socio-economic development and caters to the transport needs of the populace, especially during calamities.
The Wing performs its mission and functions through its three (3) operating units namely: the 221st Airlift Squadron, which operates the F-27 aircraft, the 222nd Airlift Squadron, which operates the C-130 aircraft, and the 223rd Airlift Squadron, which operates and maintains the N-22B/C Nomad aircraft. Support units and functional groups were also put in place to provide logistical and maintenance requirements of all aircraft. In house training and skills enhancement are conducted to ensure that the aircrew and other support personnel are technically proficient in their work.
A. Airlift Missions - The five basic missions of airlift are passenger and cargo movement, combat employment and support, medical evacuation, special operations support, and operational support. Air Force airlift forces perform these missions to achieve strategic, operational, and tactical objectives.
1) Passenger and Cargo Movement - These are airlift operations concerning movement through scheduled missions over fixed route. These scheduled movements are approved by the Area Commanders, Major Service Commanders, and the Chief of Staff, AFP through the respective operations centers. The 220th Airlift Wing has the ability to meet requirements that exceed routine, peacetime demands for passenger and cargo movement;
2) Combat Employment and Support - Combat employment missions allow commanders to insert forces directly and quickly into battle and to sustain combat operations. Combat missions involve but are not limited to airdropping of troops and supplies in close proximity to forces currently engaged in operations. Similarly, combat support missions may consist of reinforcement of forces engaged with the adversary. Airlift affords commanders a degree of maneuverability and flexibility.
The combat employment and support missions are seldom done in the current setting; nevertheless, this option is available and this is a capability which, in most circumstances, cannot be accomplished by other means. Commanders and operators should understand that while this type of mission provides significant capabilities, it also carries substantial risk. Success in combat and combat support hinges on control of the air and threat avoidance. This requires accurate and timely intelligence reports regarding threats along the ingress and egress routes and over the target area;
3) Medical Evacuation - Medical Evacuation is the movement of patients under medical supervision to and between medical treatment facilities by air transportation. Depending upon prevailing circumstances, movement of patients may require special air traffic control considerations to comply with patient-driven altitude and pressurization restrictions as well as medical equipment that are compatible for use with aircraft systems;
4) Special Operations Support - Airlift units maybe at times are called to support special operations. This may require unique air land and airdrop support to special operations for joint training, contingencies, operations other than war, and other missions as directed by competent authority. Airlift used in support of special operations role provides commanders the capability to achieve objectives, which may not be attainable through more conventional airlift practices; and
5) Operational Support Airlift - Operational Support Airlift is a special classification of operations that allows for the movement of personnel and cargo during wartime, as well as peacetime conducted beyond the normal realms of military operations. These missions include among others humanitarian assistance, disaster relief, non-combatant evacuation, and support to other agencies of government.
The selection of appropriate tactics for an airlift mission is very much influenced by user requirements, destination characteristics, weather, terrain, threats, the availability of air and ground support assets, and a host of other factors. To the extent and in the detail necessary, higher headquarters should provide tactical guidance to the airlift mission commander during planning. Within these guidelines, commanders must develop mission tactics and coordinate them, as appropriate, to the chain of command and with other involved agencies or units.
B. Aircraft Maintenance - The Wing maintains three levels of maintenance to ensure that its air assets are always on full mission capable. The Organizational, Field, and Limited Depot are manned by highly skilled and technically proficient maintenance personnel. The maintenance group of the Wing coexists with the PAF primary maintenance unit to ensure that the best maintenance work is delivered.
1) Organizational Maintenance - Organizational Maintenance is a lowest form of maintenance that is preventive in nature. Its scope covers the 25-hr inspection, unscheduled replacement of minor parts, and other minor repairs. The three tactical units of the Wing namely the 221st, 222nd and 223rd Airlift Squadrons are capable of doing this type of maintenance to its respective aircraft operated. Using the “in-place method” of maintenance, each squadron can perform servicing and scheduled maintenance at deployment areas;
2) Field Maintenance - Field Maintenance is the second highest level of maintenance. This is also a preventive in nature but more extensive than organizational. Its scope covers from “Progressive Inspection Package” (PIP) or 100-hr inspection, scheduled replacement of aircraft Major Components, “Major Repair” and other repair that severely affects the airworthiness of the aircraft. The 470th Maintenance and Supply Group through its subordinates units performs this function; and
3) Limited Depot Maintenance - Limited Depot Maintenance is the highest level of Maintenance that 220th AW can handle. This type of Maintenance is restorative in nature. This includes restoration of Aircraft Engines, Propellers, APU Engines, aircraft structures, and appliances. The 471st FDMS and 472nd AMS under the 470th MSG are the unit in charge of this level of Maintenance.